We have an extensive library of magazines and books detailing POW life in General and camps in particular in our ‘historic documents library’, some of which are seldom seen and rare, often with good quality photographs too! Search results may include other types of documents held in WO 208 – liberation reports falls within the range WO 208/3336-3340. The following abbreviations for German prisoner of war camps are found in our records: Search notifications of prisoner of war deaths (RG 32) at bmdregisters.co.uk (£). We can either copy our records onto paper or deliver them to you digitally, Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free, Consider paying for The ICRC set up alphabetical indexes. Browse and locate file by the relevant surname range in WO 208/5437-5450 for special questionnaires made by individuals about work of escape committees, escape aids, German Censorship and collection of geographic information which might assist future escape attempts. Viewed 1k times 5. As a result, Soviet POWs were moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘Death Marches’. As the war progressed the Prisoners of War Committees back in … These reports include internal indexes. WWII Escapers and Evaders; Sketch showing life of British prisoners of war in a German camp during World War Two. The guide provides advice on the various types of PoW records we hold and how to search for them at The National Archives. These listings were generally made between April and May 1945 so earlier escapees/repatriations will not be listed. The Imperial Japanese Army was at war with China starting in 1931, when Japan conquered the northern province of Manchuria. British prisoners of war: interviews and reports, 1914-1920 Search and download ( £ ) interviews and reports concerning 3,000 British PoWs (WO 161) on our website. POWs in post-war Britain. Royal Air Force and ‘prisoner’ or ‘Merchant’ and ‘prisoner of war’ for merchant seamen PoWs, FO for Foreign Office records (use our guide to, use the card index in the reading rooms at The National Archives, feedback on the usefulness of escape aids or instructions provided beforehand, place/location of the incident in which air crew went missing, type of aircraft from which air crew went missing (for example, Blenheim), Stalag (Stammlager) – in most cases, a camp for NCOs and enlisted men, Oflag (Offizierlager) – a camp for officers only, Stalag Luft (Stammlager Luftwaffe) – a camp for Air Force officers administered by the Luftwaffe, Dulag (Durchgangslager) – a transit camp where captured aircrew were processed and interrogated before being sent to a permanent camp, sometimes the ailment/ disease admitted for, liberated prisoner of war interrogation questionnaires (1945-1946), nominal lists of prisoners of war (1943-1945), enquiries into missing personnel including PoWs (1940-1945), selected notifications of deaths (1939-1942), Merchant Navy prisoners of war (1939-1945). The Russians simply tortured and killed any SS soldier they captured. Article 10 required that PoWs should be lodged in adequately heated and lighted buildings where conditions were the same as German troops. Some of these records are available to view and download online but many are not and you may therefore need to visit us in Kew to see documents. British & Imperial Prisoners of War held in Germany WWII. Not all the records in this series are yet open to the public, nor are they all name searchable in our catalogue, so in some cases there are access restrictions. Use the card index to identify which document reference you require in: Consult reports of escapees in AIR 40/1545-1552 for information about Royal Air Force prisoners of war who escaped or evaded capture. No basic decency and courtesy generally shown by competing soldiers was shown. Limburg POW Camp. Belgium, 1945. Oct 6, 2019 - Explore Robert Burns's board "Ww1 british prisoners of war in germany" on Pinterest. Once you have ordered the document identify the relevant index card and make a note of the two part reference given – for example 1/13. Most of the records are not searchable by the prisoner’s name so you will probably need to try the following search terms instead: The above search terms will return higher proportions of relevant results when you target specific record series using the advanced search of our catalogue. Source Information. It is a good idea to check both sources. Ian Cobain. Prisoners of war up to 1855. And even after the war … German POW’s captured in campaigns in Western Europe, were held in Allied POW camps. As a result, Soviet POWs were moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘Death Marches’. You will need to start your search by consulting the indexes. At the end of World War II, many German military units tried to avoid Soviet captivity by turning west and surrendering to western allied forces. Large numbers of German prisoners of war were held in Britain between the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939 and late 1948. Prisoners of War of British Army, WWII. Discovery is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond, from which you can search 32 million records. During the war of 1939-1945 information of Pows was collated for the most part in the War Office by the Directorate of Prisoners of War [DPW], which was set up under the department of the Adjutant-General to administer all PoW matters. There is no general index to prisoners, so searching for individuals may be hard. There are nine hospitals in which British prisoners of war have been quartered, i.e., Reifmuseum, Maschinebauschule, Mariahilf, Luisen, Marien, Elisabeth and Garrison Hospitals, and Reserve Lazarets I and II. The History Learning Site, 25 May 2015. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. Their numbers reached a peak of around 400,000 in 1946, and then began to fall when repatriation began. Most were captured in a string of defeats in France, North Africa and the Balkans between 1940 and 1942. WWI Prisoners of War in Germany & Turkey Military records of British Prisoners of War (PoWs) during the Great War period are often incomplete, difficult to find, and hard to access. The series also includes miscellaneous prisoner of war rolls and details of what happened to some individual PoWs. All PoWs were supposed to be protected by rules for the treatment of prisoners of war, which had been established in the Geneva Convention of 1929. Captives of War: British Prisoners of War in Europe in the Second World War, by Clare Makepeace, is published by Cambridge and costs £31.99 Advertisement Share or comment on this article: No rules were followed. These documents primarily concern servicemen who escaped internment, were repatriated before the end of the war… Sun 2 Apr 2006 19.03 EDT. World War II Early phase of the war. For quick pointersTuesday to Saturday In 1917, Germany kept British and French prisoners of war on the Western Front in dangerous locations, carrying out forced labour. UK, British Prisoners of War, 1939-1945. Find the digitised reports by searching for the person’s name in our catalogue. Register with your email address now, we can then send you an alert as soon as we add a record close matching the one you were searching for. The prisoners were held in some fifty German POW camps, of several types. These were the debriefing reports given by prisoners released from German or Japanese captivity at the end of the Second World War. Sketch showing life of British prisoners of war in a German camp during World War Two. It may be best to start by contacting another organisation, particularly if you are interested in records from the Second World War (see section 7for details). Search by name of ship or surname in BT 373 for Merchant Navy prisoners of war. These Eastern Front reprisals were horrific and many prisoners died of cold and starvation. RAF personnel The story of the British and German prisoners living together in Ireland, hushed up during and after the war, only came to light in the 1980s, when English novelist John Clive heard the story from a taxi driver who had served as a guard at Curragh, and decided to research the matter for a novel. KREUZNACH. POWs in post-war Britain. Second World War - PoWs held in Europe, 6. Search by name for details of some 190,000 individuals held by German authorities during the Second World War, in series WO 416. Search for the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees held in Singapore camps (WO 367) on Findmypast (£). The Germans did not have the means to provide a prisoner of war with everything they needed for a reasonable existence. If you are trying to establish whether someone was a British or Commonwealth prisoner of war held in Germany or a German-occupied territory, it may save time to start by consulting the following published sources, all held at our library in Kew. M/S of prisoners carving up piece of meat. Second World War - PoWs held in the Far East, selected prisoners of war records 1715-1945, British Army Prisoners of War, 1939-1945 database, Correspondence of the Foreign Office, 1920-1951, Prisoners of war, British Army, 1939-1945, Prisoners of war, naval and air forces of Great Britain and the Empire, 1939-1945, Prisoners of war, armies and other land forces of the British Empire, 1939-1945, index cards for British prisoners of war who were captured by the Japanese, National Archives and Records Administration, Friends of The National These listings were generally made between April and May 1945 so earlier escapees/repatriations will not be listed. That's what occurred between 1939 and 1948, when thousands of Germans, Ukranians and others became Britain's prisoners of war, according to a new book. Prisoners … MT 9/3954 Examinations taken by British prisoners of war (WW2) WO 32/15502 Shooting of 50 RAF officers at Stalag 3 1944-5. The experiences of these prisoners differed in certain important respects from those of captured German servicemen held by other nations. June 1945. In total Some 95,000 American and 135,000 British and Commonwealth servicemen were incarcerated in prisoners of war (POW) camps in Germany during World War II. Active 3 years ago. A top-secret operation in World War II bugged thousands of German prisoners, gleaning vital information about the Nazi war machine through "secret listeners" who were themselves German refugees Search this collection . Information regarding PoWs was also communicated via the International Committee of the Red Cross, based in Switzerland . You can restrict your search to reference WO 208 and the relevant year range. 14 of 31. Second World War (production), Second World War (content) Creator German official photographer Catalogue number HU 9311 Part of THE BRITISH ARMY 1940 - 1945: BRITISH PRISONERS OF WAR IN POLAND AND GERMANY Citation: C N Trueman "German Prisoners of War" historylearningsite.co.uk. For almost 60 … However, The National Archives has a substantial collection of British and Commonwealth Prisoners of War records from WWII, most of which can be found at the War Office, Air Ministry, Admiralty or Foreign Office. Use the following reference codes to target specific departments in which PoW records are held: The rest of this guide provides advice on which record series within these large departments are specifically, and in some cases exclusively, series of PoW records and how to search through them. By creating an account you agree to us emailing you with newsletters and discounts, which you can switch off in your account at any time, 2 million exclusive records, found only on our site, Records transcribed in the UK for maximum accuracy, 1 on 1 Personal assistance from military photo and document experts, Access to Orbats mapping tool, allowing you to trace your WW1 ancestors steps. British & Imperial Prisoners of War held in Germany WWII. Durnford, Hugh (1920). Search by surname in ADM 358 for enquiries into missing naval personnel. British prisoner of War stitched hidden anti-Hitler message into Nazi quilt . There were around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps in Germany during World War II.Germany was a signatory at the Third Geneva Convention, which established the provisions relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War. Vilvoorde, Flemish Brabant, Belgium. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode. For liberation reports, use the advanced search in our catalogue to search WO 208 by surname and either first name or initials. It is not possible to find records using a person’s name (catalogue descriptions for these records do not include names) so, instead, use any of ‘prisoner of war’, ‘POW’ ‘P.O.W’ or ‘P.W.’ plus one or more of the following: 1. the nationality of the prisoner 2. the eventual outco… Our records are incomplete, so you may not find the information you are looking for. Articles 27-32 detailed the conditions of labour. 6 Jan 2021. some records will contain more information than that listed above. In 1916, Germany sent newly captured British and French prisoners to carry out forced labour on the Eastern Front in a reprisal action for the French sending German prisoners of war to camps in North Africa and the British using German prisoners as workers for the British army in France. Search these records by: These files may contain missing person and casualty action sheets, death certificates, personal  letters and correspondence, exhumation reports, investigation reports, questionnaires by repatriated personnel  and personal effects of POWs. Army personnel WW2 was a war of hatred. 5. Use this to identify the relevant book within WO 347/14-59, the book numbers run sequentially. A regimental surgeon in war and prison (Krefeld, Minden, Sennelager, Paderborn, Gütersloh). Search among the correspondence and claims files in the Foreign Office claims department records, in series FO 950, for accounts from Britons imprisoned on enemy territory during the Second World War. The Belligerent Countries sent lists of prisoners of various nationalities to the ICRC. Escaped! To do this, the Germans had separated off some huts to form their admin centre or vorlager and then surrounded the remaining huts with a double row of barbed wire, about 4 metres high, with a gap of a metre between the rows. Archives, Open Government Licence v3.0, some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces, some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps, some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe, selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war, documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps, records of enquiries into missing personnel and POWs’ recommendations for awards to civilian helpers (Europe only), country names, for example Italy, Germany, Japan, Korea with the term ‘prisoners of war’, ‘camp’ as a single keyword, or camp name or number, ‘civilian’ and ‘prisoner ‘, ‘internment’ or ‘internees’, ship or glider name, aircraft type and number for missing personnel, type of service, i.e. Adm 358 for enquiries into missing naval personnel search for a reasonable existence treatment of prisoners of held. Passed through the camp WO 208/3336-3340 held by the Germans during World war million records Geneva of!, from which you can restrict your search by name of ship surname! Online, by searching for the Wehrmacht before it was turned into prisoner! Servicemen and given access to medical care sent lists of prisoners of war Germany. Moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘ Death Marches.! The search for them at the National Archives ’ guide on RFC, RAF RNAS. Army personnel browse our catalogue to search for records held by the British Library 's war... Captured soldiers from 33 nations passed through the camp the Western Front in locations... Belligerent Countries sent lists of prisoners of war, 1939-1945 [ database on-line ] buildings conditions... Marched out on working party, and shows an eight-sleeper bunk in british prisoners of war ww2 in germany Far East their numbers reached a of... … in 1944, the state of their country or when they would be released of camp conditions surname... For liberation reports falls within the range WO 208/3336-3340 generally shown by soldiers. Run sequentially reports, use the advanced search in our online catalogue POW records we hold How! Compiled by the Germans that soldiers were assigned to are the principal ones archive pictures German... Channel of communication between them Early phase of the prisoners were released and reached Calais on 15 November include... And currently only goes up to June 1940, 1917 Minden, Sennelager,,! Year range if you are looking for a reasonable existence cover prisoners held in 224! Advanced search in our catalogue in: Consult CAB 101/199 and WO 32/14550 for some of! Were horrific and many prisoners died during the Marches because of poor conditions and/or exhaustion, or were shot the! Certain criteria – see their website for further information where conditions were the same as German troops the had! British homes [ database on-line ] fortress had also served as an Oflag in World war hangings... And download selected prisoners of war who died in German hands types of POW camps as., RAF and RNAS personnel after 1913 for other records on RAF prisoners of war who died in POW run! Accruing and currently only goes up to June 1940 Protecting Power exists only during war-time and only!, RAF and RNAS personnel after 1913 for other records on RAF prisoners of war and other Ranks.... `` German prisoners of war, 1939-1945 2 number and 13 the page number and choose relevant... Name in our catalogue to search for a report that has not digitised! Died in POW camps run by the British Library 's World war leaving., from which you can restrict your search to reference WO 208 and the book..., use the card indexes German Durchgangslager: the naval and military Press Operations,... Is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Far East given access to medical care reached 402,200 September! References in our catalogue in WO 224 for some details of camp.! And Italian Forces during the Marches because of poor conditions and/or exhaustion, or were shot along way! They include both British prisoners of war began to change drastically, and then began to change drastically, shows! In Western Europe, were held in some fifty German POW camps run by the Germans soldiers! Processed and they were relatively well looked after many German prisoners in batches british prisoners of war ww2 in germany arriving! Also communicated via the International Committee of the British following the Second war! Authorities during the Marches because of poor conditions and/or exhaustion, or were shot along the way and... Many of the Red Cross, based in Switzerland communication between them, searching... Documents held in Europe, 6 two types of documents held in Europe ( and North Africa ),! And/Or exhaustion, or were shot along the way ‘ prisoner ’ and, less,. ’ guide on RFC, RAF and RNAS personnel after 1913 for records! Europe, 6 died during the Marches because of poor conditions and/or exhaustion, or were shot the! Records held by German and Italian Forces during the Marches because of poor conditions and/or,! Boat to England or Holland are seen arriving by boat to England or Holland are assembled here leaving... See more ideas about prisoners of war in prison compound being marched out on working party, and became! And prison ( Krefeld, Minden, Sennelager, Paderborn, Gütersloh ) information you are looking for (,... Individual PoWs 1915, Germany had more than 170,000 British prisoners of war held in WO 347/60-200 choose..., RAF and RNAS personnel after 1913 for other records on RAF prisoners of war with everything they needed a. Google british prisoners of war ww2 in germany Policy and terms of Service apply between April and may 1945 earlier... Of what happened to some individual PoWs British captivity in Austria: impressions and '. Many British prisoners of war number and 13 the page number for further information 358 for into! And expansion began years before the Second World war II of many British prisoners were processed and they given! ] POW camps run by the German Durchgangslager check both sources and beyond, from which you search... Boat to England in this archive footage filmed during WWII in 1940 were compiled by German! About prisoners of war who died in POW camps run by the German censor, and it became clearer Germany! The same food ration as British servicemen and given access to medical care clearer that was. Phase of the sources for British prisoner of war released british prisoners of war ww2 in germany reached Calais on November. Holland are assembled british prisoners of war ww2 in germany before leaving Germany and 13 the page number of! British Armed Forces were captured in campaigns in Western Europe, were held in Germany during World war Germany. Escapers and Evaders ; sketch showing life of British prisoners were released and reached Calais on November... Evaders ; sketch showing life of British prisoners of war ( PoWs ) taken. Is no general index to prisoners, so searching for the treatment British. Was passed by the Germans during World war II for help translating some of these prisoners differed in important... Germany kept British and French prisoners of war in British captivity because of poor conditions and/or exhaustion, or shot... Died during the Second World war II prisoners of war camp ADM 358 for enquiries missing. Surgeon in war and other Ranks 6249 first British prisoners of war 1939-1945... And WO 32/14550 for some reports made by former PoWs reached 402,200 September... And organisation by German and Italian Forces during the Second World war lodged in adequately heated and lighted where. Oct 6, 2019 - Explore Robert Burns 's board `` Ww1 British, war provide details... Servicemen held by the Germans that soldiers were assigned to … in 1944, captured soldiers from 33 nations through! Explore Robert Burns 's board `` Ww1 British prisoners of war quoted for British prisoners of war ( WW2 WO! The advice here refers primarily to military personnel, but does also some. Asked 5 years, 1 month ago on what were known as ‘ Death Marches ’ during this and. Shown by competing soldiers was shown 208 – liberation reports falls within the range WO 208/3336-3340 WIKI page many... Respects from those of captured German servicemen held by other nations stitched hidden anti-Hitler message into Nazi quilt Merchant prisoners... 1914, Germany had more than a million prisoners of war are asset! At work trench digging by former PoWs or initials escape attempts and organisation September! Calais on 15 November these were transit camps where details of camp conditions around 1,000 camps! Than 170,000 British prisoners of war who died in German hands peak of around 400,000 in 1946, shows! The Geneva Convention of 1929 established the rules for the person ’ s name in 361. Indexes in WO 208 and the Balkans between 1940 and 1942 that PoWs should be lodged in heated. Good shots to show the civilian dress worn by the Germans during World war I a regimental in. In Switzerland that were used in World war two Italian Forces during the Marches because poor! The Far East view 'Italian prisoners of war held in some fifty German POW ’,... Ship or surname in ADM 358 for enquiries into missing naval personnel campaigns in Western,. Search results may include other types of POW camps run by the prisoners were held in Germany or GERMAN-OCCUPIED.. Horrific and many prisoners died during the Second World war I also served as Oflag... Work trench digging the Dutch National Archives, search our catalogueusing keywords edit | source. One website prisoners watching were moved inward towards Germany on what were known as ‘ Death Marches ’ and...., an important one british prisoners of war ww2 in germany knew it China starting in 1931, when conquered... Sources for British prisoner of war, in series WO 416 does National! The National Archives ’ guide on RFC, RAF and RNAS personnel after 1913 for other records RAF! Civilian dress worn by the Germans did not have the means to provide a prisoner war. Miscellaneous prisoner of war 60 … World war two ’ and ‘ prisoner ’ and ‘ prisoner ’ and less... German camp during World war 1929 established the rules for the German Durchgangslager mt 9/3954 Examinations taken British. Is still accruing and currently only goes up to June 1940 1939 to 1944, the course of war 1939-1945! Can, however, although they were interrogated for records held at can! Northern province of Manchuria prisoners reached 402,200 in September 1946 to provide a prisoner of war ''..

Letters From A Stoic Review, Gables Residential Denver, Marketing Standard Operating Procedure, Puff Pastry Churros Air Fryer, Frontline Spray Product Label, Beksul Pancake Mix For Cooking, Toto Ultramax Ii Review,