In his search for rapid pathways to wealth and security, he launched business ventures which failed to prosper, and he died heavily in debt. [152] In October 2015, Shackleton's decorations and medals were auctioned; the sale raised £585,000. Shackleton chose five companions for the journey: Frank Worsley, Endurance's captain, who would be responsible for navigation; Tom Crean, who had "begged to go"; two strong sailors in John Vincent and Timothy McCarthy, and finally the carpenter McNish. At age 13, Shackleton enrolled at Dulwich College. He appealed to the Chilean government, which offered the use of the Yelcho, a small seagoing tug from its navy. [9], Shackleton's restlessness at school was such that he was allowed to leave at 16 and go to sea. The ship, after a drift of many months, had returned to New Zealand. [121] The goals of the venture were imprecise, but a circumnavigation of the Antarctic continent and investigation of some "lost" sub-Antarctic islands, such as Tuanaki, were mentioned as objectives.[123]. [86], On 24 February, realising that she would be trapped until the following spring, Shackleton ordered the abandonment of ship's routine and her conversion to a winter station. He studied at Dulwich College at the age of 13, and although he disliked school, he placed 5th in a class of 31 students during his final term. This was the first of a number of books about Shackleton that began to appear, showing him in a highly positive light. But what did Ernest Shackleton really do and what leadership insights can we learn from him? Who Was Ernest Shackleton? Our podcast series is themed on Shackleton’s four key principles and we look at his expertise and methods and at how these relate to the issues we are facing as we navigate the current situation. [44] Before leaving England, he had been pressured to give an undertaking to Scott that he would not base himself in the McMurdo area, which Scott was claiming as his own field of work. The party was forced to ride out the storm offshore, in constant danger of being dashed against the rocks. Abraham Shackleton, an English Quaker, moved to Ireland in 1726 and started a school at Ballitore, County Kildare. [117] Shackleton returned to England in early March 1919, full of plans for the economic development of Northern Russia. When Shackleton returned to England in May 1917, Europe was in the midst of the First World War. Mrs Chippy was shot when the Endurance sank, due to the belief that he would not have survived the ordeal that followed. In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton decided to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and moved his family into the city. Ernest Shackleton was a well-known Irish and British explorer during the first two decades of the twentieth century. For TV and movie buffs: Shackleton. He was destined to become a doctor, according to his father, but Shackleton instead joined the merchant navy when he was 16 and qualified as a master mariner in 1898. Scott wrote: "He ought not to risk further hardship in his present state of health. His story though is more familiar. Sir Ernest Shackleton was an explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic. Shackleton: Everyone did everything that he was capable of doing, and that's the crux. [127] Leonard Hussey, a veteran of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic expedition, offered to accompany the body back to Britain; while he was in Montevideo en route to England, a message was received from Emily Shackleton asking that her husband be buried in South Georgia. [a][28] The journey was marred by the poor performance of the dogs, whose food had become tainted, and who rapidly fell sick. (, Beardmore's help took the form of guaranteeing a loan at Clydesdale Bank, for £7,000 (2008 equivalent approx. [136], During the ensuing decades Shackleton's status as a polar hero was generally outshone by that of Captain Scott, whose polar party had by 1925 been commemorated on more than 30 monuments in Britain alone, including stained glass windows, statues, busts and memorial tablets. [112] He returned home in April 1918. As you can see, he did not beat around the bush when describing the risk laden conditions these men would live in. [d] En route the South Pole party discovered the Beardmore Glacier—named after Shackleton's patron[53]—and became the first persons to see and travel on the South Polar Plateau. Born in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Shackleton and his Anglo-Irish family[1] moved to Sydenham in suburban south London when he was ten. The march was, Scott wrote later, "a combination of success and failure". After the Nimrod expedition in 1907-09, Shackleton wanted to prove to the world what a great explorer he was. Rowett agreed to finance the entire expedition, which became known as the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition. He also socialized with his crew members every evening after dinner, leading sing-alongs, jokes, and games. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. [88], Until this point, Shackleton had hoped that the ship, when released from the ice, could work her way back towards Vahsel Bay. [142], In 2001 Margaret Morrell and Stephanie Capparell presented Shackleton as a model for corporate leadership in their book Shackleton's Way: Leadership Lessons from the Great Antarctic Explorer. This was not his family’s profession. McIlroy was head of the scientific staff, which included Wordie. Shackleton always kept the members of the crew informed, and never left any member out (80). [153] This team became the first to replicate the so-called "double crossing"; sailing from Elephant Island to South Georgia, and the crossing of the South Georgian mountains from King Haakon Bay (where Shackleton had landed nearly 100 years prior) to Stromness. Frozen sea ice not under pressure is not nearly as harmful to ships. [b][41] In the meantime he had taken a job with wealthy Clydeside industrialist William Beardmore (later Lord Invernairn), with a roving commission which involved interviewing prospective clients and entertaining Beardmore's business friends. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton is best known as a polar explorer who was associated with four expeditions exploring Antarctica, particularly the Trans-Antarctic ( Endurance) Expedition (1914–16) that he led, which, although unsuccessful, became famous as a tale of remarkable perseverance and survival. [154][155], The expedition very carefully matched legacy conditions, using a replica of the James Caird (named for the project's patron: the Alexandra Shackleton), period clothing (by Burberry), replica rations (both in calorific content and rough constitution), period navigational aids, and a Thomas Mercer chronometer just as Shackleton had used. [98] Shackleton had clashed with McNish during the time when the party was stranded on the ice, but, while he did not forgive the carpenter's earlier insubordination, Shackleton recognised his value for this particular job. Above, is the notice for employment on the Endurance posted by Shackleton. [57], In 1910, Shackleton made a series of three recordings describing the expedition using an Edison phonograph. Morale matters: Motivate the group and the individual. [14][15] Although officially on leave from Union-Castle, this was in fact the end of Shackleton's Merchant Navy service. Ernest Shackleton never did reach the South Pole or cross Antarctica. Morale matters: Motivate the group and the individual. is an Assistant Professor of History in the School of History and Geography. [56] Shackleton returned to the United Kingdom as a hero, and soon afterwards published his expedition account, Heart of the Antarctic. Ward-room caterer. [40] He also ventured into politics, unsuccessfully standing in the 1906 General Election as the Liberal Unionist Party's candidate for Dundee constituency in opposition to Irish Home Rule. [13], Shackleton used his acquaintance with the son to obtain an interview with Longstaff senior, with a view to obtaining a place on the expedition. [144], The Centre for Leadership Studies at the University of Exeter offers a course on Shackleton, who also features in the management education programmes of several American universities. In charge of holds, stores and provisions [...] He also arranges the entertainments. The three men all suffered at times from snow blindness, frostbite and, ultimately, scurvy. Born 15 February 1874, in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was a popular British Antarctic explorer. [11], In 1898, Shackleton joined Union-Castle Line, the regular mail and passenger carrier between Southampton and Cape Town. Author Michael Smith looks at the qualities that made The Boss so charismatic. The expedition's other main accomplishments included the first ascent of Mount Erebus, and the discovery of the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole, reached on 16 January 1909, by Edgeworth David, Douglas Mawson, and Alistair Mackay. The Shackleton story. It examines the parallels between the conditions experienced by renowned explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton and his crew on his Antarctic expeditions and the characteristics they needed, and our own experiences now under the COVID19 restrictions. 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