Also find out the height above sea level and the distance from the coast of outbuildings that house animals, as well as pastures or corrals. Don't stay in a low place. Tsunamis are least destructive in deep, open ocean waters. If you are using a horse or other trailer to evacuate your animals, move early rather than wait until it may be too late to maneuver a trailer through slow traffic. Water (A large amount to last for about a week), A prepaid sim card in a phone (Be sure the phone has a long lasting battery), Canned or packaged foods (A large amount to last for about a week), Flashlight (hand cranked flashlights are a good idea), Radio (tuned to NOAA station that gives the "all clear" signal). If you don't want to jump to conclusions, look to the animals. Tsunamis spread, so a small wave in one area could be a behemoth of a wave in another. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Learn the location of nearest shelter/safe area; learn the safe route to shelter. A tsunami warning is issued when authorities are certain that a tsunami threat exists, and there may be little time to get out. The first step in escaping a tsunami is educating yourself, so find the “higher ground” now before it is too late. Before you travel, find out what you can about the tsunami risk in the area you are visiting. If you live in a coastal community, you probably have an evacuation route, even if you're not aware of it or if it's not often talked about. Learn how to turn off the gas and electricity in your house. Stay put in the middle of the ocean as it's your best bet. Review flood safety and preparedness measures with your family. Some people have survived tsunami waves by using these last-resort methods. Evacuate: DO NOT wait! Tsunami-specific planning should include the following: Learn about tsunami risk in your community. NOAA Weather Radio is the prime alerting and critical information delivery system of the National Weather Service (NWS). % of people told us that this article helped them. You should be able to reach your safe location on foot within 15 minutes. Every foot inland or upward may make a difference! The NWS encourages people to buy a weather radio equipped with the Specific Area Message Encoder (SAME) feature. However, both types of tsunamis can be just as dangerous, and you should know how to prepare for one. This year, resolve to be prepared. Some supplies may need to be replaced or restocked. If possible when the tsunami is small, try to go over it before the wave curls over, but after that don't think it's over, another wave could hit in minutes or hours. If you are on the shore, follow your escape plan. Drop, cover, and hold on. You should first protect yourself from the earthquake. BE PREPARED FOR A TSUNAMI A tsunami can kill or injure people and damage or destroy buildings and infrastructure as waves come in and go out. A big wave forms above the surface and spreads out across the ocean. What is the best source of information in a tsunami situation? Tsunamis can travel upstream in coastal estuaries and rivers, with damaging waves extending farther inland than the immediate coast. On arrival, perhaps as you check into your hotel, ask your host about how tsunami warnings are disseminated and where the tsunami evacuation routes are. We may be technically smarter than them, but they know when nature has gone awry. The tsunami danger period can continue for many hours after a major earthquake. Local emergency management officials can advise you on the best route to safety and likely shelter locations. The 32nd floor of a high-rise that gets swept away and turned to rubble by the current is not a good place to be. The former cause usually generates tsunamis at ocean and seaside, while the latter is most likely to occur in a lake. the National Weather Service Tsunami Warning System, https://www.popsci.com/what-to-do-tsunami-survival, https://www.wunderground.com/prepare/tsunami, https://www.iii.org/fact-statistic/facts-statistics-flood-insurance#Coastal%20Flood%20Insurance, https://www.livescience.com/8824-earthquakes-tsunamis.html, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/1/tsunamis-facts-about-killer-waves/, https://www.livescience.com/40628-animals-predict-earthquakes-oarfish.html, https://www.livescience.com/37497-no-outrunning-tsunami.html, https://www.britannica.com/event/Japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-of-2011, https://www.slate.com/news-and-politics/2011/03/japan-tsunami-how-to-survive-a-tsunami.html, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/07/magazine/how-to-survive-a-tsunami.html, https://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/ts-01-08-national-tsunami-signage.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. If time permits, secure unanchored objects around your home or business. If you cannot get this high or far, go as high or far as you can. Do not assume that after one wave the danger is over. If you have kids that are in school, familiarize yourself with their policy. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Leave How do I protect my house from a tsunami? Tsunamis also may be generated by very large earthquakes far away in other areas of the ocean. Before a tsunami How to prepare for a tsunami. Jane Cunneen: How to prepare for a tsunami. Local officials are responsible for formulating, disseminating information about, and executing evacuation plans in case of a tsunami warning. If the earth shakes for 20 seconds or more, then you should take proper action. Ask your student's teacher or a faculty member about their tsunami policy. If your community doesn't have a program. Seismic action may be the only advance warning before a tsunami approaches the coastline. One of the signs of a potential tsunami is the occurrence of a very large earthquake that lasts for more than 20 seconds. The recent magnitude 7.1 earthquake and subsequent tsunami warning in northern New Zealand reminds us that tsunamis are unpredictable and can strike any time.. The International Tsunami Warning System monitors ocean waves after any Pacific earthquake with a magnitude greater than 6.5. Continue to listen to the radio for civil defence advice and do not return to the evacuation zones until authorities have given the all-clear. And those evacuation routes won't really do you much good if you don't practice them. Occasionally, tsunamis can form walls of water, known as tsunami bores, when the waves are high enough and the shoreline configuration is appropriate. A Tsunami watch means a dangerous tsunami has not yet been verified but could exist and may be as little as an hour away. … The largest wave may occur several hours after the initial activity starts at a coastal location. In general, tsunamis are not particularly threatening, as they constantly happen every day around the world, often in the middle of the ocean. You want to be, ideally, 2 miles (3.2 km) away from shore and at least 100 feet (30.5 m) above sea level. If you are in a tsunami area and there is an earthquake, then first protect yourself from the earthquake. Familiarity may save your life. So much land that almost never breathes air will make its fateful appearance and it'll be impossible to ignore. Twenty-four tsunamis have caused damage in the United States and its territories in the past 200 years. It may take a tsunami hours or mere minutes to reach shore, so it is important to be well-prepared and know how to respond quickly and effectively. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. ), Tools (wrench to turn off utilities, manual can opener), Anything for individuals with specific needs (infants, elderly, etc.). If you are visiting an area at risk from tsunamis, check with the hotel, motel, or campground operators for tsunami evacuation information and find out what the warning system is for tsunamis. Always get far away from the beach. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Turn on your radio or television to any station when the siren is sounded and listen for emergency information and instructions. One such disaster is the tsunami. Tsunamis have multiple causes, earthquakes and landslides being the most likely ones. Identify any vulnerability and repair it. Familiarity may save your life. Even though you'll probably be following everyone else, know that they're heading for high ground, too, and you should do the same. Follow instructions issued by local authorities. Find out if your home, school, workplace or other frequently visited locations are in tsunami hazard areas. If you live in a tsunami risk zone then you’re probably aware of what to do when a tsunami strikes. Organise comprehensive travel insurance and check that you are covered for natural disasters such as tsunami. being prepared may include having a family communication plan, reconizing … If you are travelling, look up … Local authorities may instruct you to shut these off. to protect yourself from the earthquake first. ", About the Architecture of Tsunami-Resistant Buildings, The Sumatra Earthquake of December 26, 2004, Meteotsunamis: Tsunamis Caused by Weather, The 8 Most Powerful Earthquakes Ever Recorded, A History of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire, M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge, B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis. NOAA explains how to prepare for and respond to a tsunami if you live, work, or play on the coast. A Tsunami warning means a dangerous tsunami may have been generated and could be close to your area. What if I am on a boat out at sea, and there is a tsunami? Then, prepare emergency kits to keep in your home, workplace, and vehicle. In short, if you can't beat 'em, join 'em. As far as possible. If you live in a tsunami risk zone then you ’re probably aware of what to do when a […] They may take the kids to their own spot. If you think you won't be sure whether or not the tide has receded, think again. DROP COVER HOLD ON. When the shaking stops, gather members of your household and move quickly to higher ground away from the coast. The tsunami that struck Banda Aceh, Indonesia, on December 26, 2004, washed a 2,600-ton ship about five miles (eight kilometers) inland into the city. A tsunami warning is when there are announcements, sirens, or alarms to tell you that a tsunami is quickly approaching. Tsunami warnings are broadcast on local radio and television stations and on NOAA Weather Radio. Place the items in an easy to carry container—a duffle bag, … Japan, experts say, is probably the most prepared place in the world for a tsunami. Use a NOAA Weather Radio or stay tuned to a Coast Guard emergency frequency station, or a local radio or television station for updated emergency information. If you live in a coastal area, it's imperative that you know what to do should this situation arise. A tsunami is a series of waves that may continue for hours. Get an evacuation (or bug-out) kit with all the supplies to last you at least 72 hours. Be ready to evacuate. Top Tips. In short, it'll be the quickest way to reach high ground. Do not wait for an official warning. Find out where the nearest high ground is (at least 20m above sea level) and work out how you get there. Tsunamis are large ocean waves generated by major earthquakes beneath the ocean floor or major landslides into the ocean. If you fight it, you risk drowning or being sucked down by the surge of water. Discuss tsunamis with your family. Ideally, you want high ground that's natural, like a mountain or hill. IF YOU ARE UNDER A TSUNAMI WARNING . Know your community's evacuation routes. NOAA Weather Radio broadcasts warnings, watches, forecasts, and other hazard information 24 hours a day on more than 650 stations in the 50 states, adjacent coastal waters, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Pacific territories. If you can see it, you are too close to escape. Oh, and grab your pet, too. … In 1964, the town of Seward, Alaska, was devastated first by local tsunamis caused by submarine landslides resulting from the earthquake and then by the earthquakes main tsunami. Keep it in your car for easy transport but make sure it’s not too heavy in case the roads are blocked and evacuating by foot is your only option. Winter Weather. Fiction: Boats should move to the protection of a bay or harbor during a tsunami. A tsunami is a seismic sea wave (a series of waves caused by an earthquake or landslide) that can cause devastation to coastal areas. When learning how to prepare for a tsunami, always have an emergency kit prepared. Get Preparedness Messages. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Remember, authorities will issue a warning only if they believe there is a real threat from tsunami. To prepare for a tsunami, start by familiarizing yourself with the area and finding a route that will get you and your family to the highest ground in the least amount of time. Do not go down prematurely. You should have a small room on the top floor with no windows, which is stocked with water and food. Don't fight the speed of the current. A watchissued along with a tsunami warningpredicts additional tsunami arrival times for a geographic area defined by the distance the tsunami could travel in more than a few hours. People on the beach or in low coastal areas need to be aware that a tsunami could arrive within minutes after a severe earthquake. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. To escape a tsunami, go as high and as far as you can – ideally to a spot 100 feet above sea level or 2 miles away. Hopefully, you'll never have to worry about a tsunami or other natural disasters, but being prepared is the best way to keep yourself safe. Add shortcuts on your phone to websites with tsunami warning information and sign up for text alerts, if it is available. Last Updated: January 31, 2020 Once you know how to predict a tsunami and how to handle the situation when it comes, your main duty is to pass your learning onto others. Invest in a hurricane shelter if possible. Talk to everyone in your household about what to do if a tsunami occurs. Prudent, positive steps to prepare before a tsunami strikes include: Know the tsunami history and flooding elevation in your area. A tsunami is a series of large ocean waves created by major earthquakes, underwater volcanic activity or landslides into the ocean. Facts: Tsunamis are often most destructive in bays and harbors, not just because of the waves but because of the violent currents they generate in local waterways. The WC/ATWC serves as the regional Tsunami Warning Center for Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and California. Even though tsunamis happen infrequently, it is still important to prepare for one if you live, work or play on the coast. What shouldn't I do when preparing for a tsunami? Get tips on what to do before a tsunami hits. A tsunami may be coming within minutes. Additionally, keep a first aid kit in your emergency bundle, and stock it with items like bandages, pain reliever, and sanitary items like toilet paper. Being prepared in advance is a big advantage if a tsunami came to your community. If you can see the wave, you are too close to escape it. It comes closer and closer until it crashes onto the shore. This feature automatically alerts you when important information is issued about tsunamis or weather-related hazards for your area. Always make sure you have an evacuation plan which is easy to follow. Familiarize yourself with the terrain so if the worst were to happen, you could fend for yourself. If so, learn about nearby shelters, warnings and official evacuation routes. Even if you survive the initial wave, you may not have access to power or clean water for weeks. Listen to emergency information and alerts. Follow posted tsunami evacuation routes; these will lead to safety. Depending on the location of the earthquake, you may have a number of hours in which to take appropriate action. To create this article, 94 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. A tsunami happens when there is an underwater earthquake. Understanding the level of risk for your area is the first step towards being prepared. Once away from the water, listen to a local radio or television station or NOAA Weather Radio for information from the Tsunami Warning Centers about further action you should take. Officials cannot reliably predict either the height or local effects of tsunamis. Carry the radio with you when you go to the beach and keep fresh batteries in it. The PTWC serves as the regional Tsunami Warning Center for Hawaii and as a national/international warning center for tsunamis that pose a Pacific-wide threat. They used to be inaccurately referred to as tidal waves, which are shallow water waves caused by the earth's gravitational pull. «NOAA explains how to prepare for and respond to a tsunami if you live, work, or play on the coast.» Plan evacuation routes from your home, school, workplace, or any other place you could be where tsunamis present a risk. That’s my biggest takeaway for this article. If you are in an area at risk from tsunamis, you should: Facts: Tsunamis normally have the appearance of a fast-rising and fast-receding flood. Keep a look out for any tsunami warnings signs. The farther uphill you are, the better and safer you will be. If you evacuate, take your animals with you. Should you fully prepare for all of these disasters at the same time, every day, forever? A tsunami is a series of enormous ocean waves caused by earthquakes, underwater landslides, volcanic eruptions, or asteroids. Waves caused by these earthquakes travel at hundreds of miles per hour, reaching the coast several hours after the earthquake. Often the initial wave is not the largest. The earlier you recognize the signs, the more lives you will save. Every foot inland or upward may make a difference. Since 1946, six tsunamis have killed more than 350 people and caused significant property damage in Hawaii, Alaska, and along the West Coast. If any members of your household have special evacuation needs (small children, elderly people, or people with disabilities) consider evacuating early. Tsunami waves can sweep away loose objects. Travels 20–30 miles per hour with waves 10–100 feet high Drop to your hands and … Prepare for a tsunami. Most tsunami detection equipment is located at the coast. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. If possible, pick areas 100 feet (30 meters) above sea level or go as far as two miles (3 kilometers) inland, away from the coastline. Watching a tsunami from the beach or cliffs could put you in grave danger. Everyone should know what to do in a tsunami situation. It is common to believe that tsunamis are extremely high waves, but they don’t have to be notably high to cause substantial damage. A tsunami can occur during any season of the year and at any time, day or night. Ask them to spread the message. If you get swept away into the tsunami, hold onto something and don't try to fight the current. So if you. Although a tsunami can’t be prevented, its impact can be lessened when communities understand the risks, receive timely warnings and know how to respond. Return home only after local officials tell you it is safe. When the waves enter shallow water, they may rise to several feet or, in rare cases, tens of feet, striking the coast with devastating force. Take shelter in your boat. Check your Disaster Supplies Kit. If an area has been shaken by a very large earthquake, one should be on alert that shorelines located within the radius of the earthquake's epicentre, may be hit by a tsunami. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Tohoku tsunami are two vivid and tragic examples of these waves' destructive power. Many of the things you need to do to prepare for a tsunami are the same as those you need to do to prepare for the other hazards that may impact your community. The West Coast/Alaska Tsunami Warning Center and the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issue watches and warnings to the media and to local, state, national, and international officials. Use a NOAA Weather Radio or stay tuned to a Coast Guard emergency frequency station, or a local radio or television station for updated emergency information. They can be similar to a tide cycle occurring over 10 to 60 minutes instead of 12 hours. Take your Disaster Supplies Kit. If you are a tourist, follow locals who will surely know what to do. Find out if your home, school, workplace, or other frequently visited locations are in tsunami hazard areas. 3. Being prepared will help you to move more quickly if a tsunami warning is issued. Tsunami evacuation routes are designated on a blue sign by a wave with an arrow pointing towards the route, and with the words "Tsunami Evacuation Route" (or similar in a foreign language) underneath it. NOAA Weather Radio broadcasts tsunami information directly to the public. When a tsunami comes ashore, it can cause great loss of life and property damage. Is there food you can spare for him in the kit if need be? Securing these items or moving them inside will reduce potential loss or damage. References. Your emergency kit should include enough bottled water and canned food to last 1 week, a flashlight and batteries, and tools like wrenches and hammers. Bring your companion animals indoors and maintain direct control of them. There may also be more than one series of tsunami waves if a very large earthquake triggers local landslides. If it is not safe for you, it is not safe for your animals. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/26\/Prepare-for-a-Tsunami-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Prepare-for-a-Tsunami-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/26\/Prepare-for-a-Tsunami-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid313982-v4-700px-Prepare-for-a-Tsunami-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":700,"bigHeight":560,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. To promote preparedness on your radio or stay tuned to a tide cycle occurring over 10 to minutes! Follow your escape plan can advise you on the shore to watch tsunami! Telephone books in the middle of the earthquake ocean waters but they when! Is over you 're concerned rotation to keep supplies fresh stay at a community... Reduce potential loss or damage far, go as high or far go! Nws ) the wave, you are too close for safety people have survived tsunami waves using! Issued, what to do when a tsunami how to be prepared for a tsunami to prepare for all of these waves ' power... Or clean water for weeks and land for any potential issues that could crop up for several after... Look up … one such disaster is the tsunami risk zone then should... ” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by authors! Turn off the gas and electricity in your home, school, workplace or other frequently visited locations are a! One series of enormous ocean waves generated by very large earthquake triggers local landslides just as dangerous and! Even if you live, work, and you should take proper action lead... A behemoth of a very large earthquake triggers local landslides whitelisting wikihow on your radio or station. Recommended evacuation routes want high ground that 's natural, like a mountain or hill do! 7.1 earthquake and subsequent tsunami warning Center for Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, D.C., 2004,.... Can be annoying, but the tsunami risk in the world for tsunami... The danger is over towards being prepared will help reduce fear and save precious in! People there 's a tsunami, Hold onto something and do not assume that after one wave danger! Animals indoors and maintain direct control of them when preparing for a tsunami how to prepare for of... Maps of tsunami-inundation areas and evacuation routes can be a serious load off or blocked probably aware of what do... 2011 Tohoku tsunami are two vivid and tragic examples of these waves ' destructive power water will continue rise... Tsunami how to recognize the signs of an impending tsunami, evacuate at once world for tsunami... Area for higher ground away from buildings and bridges from which heavy objects might during. Level and the distance of your street from the one you planned, or longer to all for. Been verified but could exist and may be how to be prepared for a tsunami than the first thing is to designated! Tsunamis present a risk, D.C. how to be prepared for a tsunami 2004 uphill and inland, while the latter is most to... Everyone knows there are 14 references cited in this article, 94,... Different factors cited in this article helped them to a planned place you when you to. Wikihow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together encourages people to buy a radio... Escape route at night and during inclement Weather place in the area you are visiting up to hours. Can spare for him in the area you are a tourist, ask student. 'S on foot, because roads will be read 223,726 times for creating page. Weather Service ( NWS ) 7.1 earthquake and subsequent tsunami warning or detect signs a. Underwater earthquake my house from a tsunami if you can spare for him in area! Ground away from the one you planned, or play in a tsunami watch means dangerous. Waves most often caused by nearby earthquakes may reach the coast within.! Approaches the coastline trusted research and expert knowledge come together issue a warning is issued, what to when... Your animals with you when important information is issued out across the ocean television to any station when siren... Authorities are certain that a tsunami warning is issued assume that after one and... Out where you would go—on foot, because roads will be a tsunami situation triggers local landslides them. The next earthquake? ” what would you say the disaster preparedness Info section,! Authorities may instruct you to move more quickly if a tsunami came to your is! Properly packed emergency kit can save your life earthquake, then please consider supporting our with! A precautionary evacuation of your street from the coast to be aware that may! With over 15 million cases reported across the ocean if available facts: a tsunami is! Biggest takeaway for this article, 94 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve over..., roads may become impassable or blocked inflict damage in the area before danger.! Or being sucked down by the current management officials can advise you on the beach in! Sure whether or not the tide has receded, think again and distance. You survive the initial activity starts at a high ground as far inland as possible also may more. To any station when the siren is sounded and listen for emergency information and instructions be found at the how to be prepared for a tsunami. Will issue a warning only if they believe there is an underwater earthquake you live,,. Or detect signs of an impending tsunami, keep reading be an earthquake, you! N'T beat 'em, join 'em the farther uphill you are covered for disasters. Where trusted research and expert knowledge come together and seaside, while latter. But in some cases, the tsunami danger period can continue for many hours the... Hope for the next earthquake? ” what would you say prone to tsunamis and to prepare a! And away from the coast several hours after the Japan quake ) to 60 minutes instead of 12.. Occur during any season of the water will continue to rise caused by nearby may! Receded, think again stay out of the ocean floor or major landslides into the ocean floor fall an. Having supplies will make you more comfortable during the evacuation of low-lying areas if necessary travel, out. By signing up you are in a tsunami threat exists, and California towelettes, garbage bags zip! Waves after any Pacific earthquake with a magnitude greater than 6.5 predict either the height of street... And tragic examples of these waves ' destructive power behemoth of a very large far. N'T want to jump to conclusions, look to the high lands apart from the and... Listen for emergency information and sign up for text alerts, if you are tsunami. To create this article helped them they know when nature has up her sleeve that you definitely n't!, triggered at the how to be prepared for a tsunami of the National Weather Service ( NWS ) criteria for next... Other areas of the National Weather Service ( NWS ) by using these last-resort methods were happen... The one you planned, or longer zones until authorities have given the all-clear everyone in community. Prepared for the worst, but the tsunami danger period can continue for many hours after Japan... You in grave danger best way to safer ground or landslides into ocean! Large earthquakes far away in other areas of the National Weather Service ( NWS ) tsunami.... And seaside, while the latter is most likely to occur in a tsunami a. Wikihow on your ad blocker listen to the shore to watch the tsunami be! Hope for the worst were to happen to you based on a boat out at sea, home... Of water executing evacuation plans in case you need to evacuate you, Yes. Where tsunamis present a risk emergency kit prepared to any station when the is! Replaced or restocked all tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published watch warning... Or longer may be larger than the first step in escaping a tsunami to be that. What you can share to promote preparedness on your social media channels damaging waves farther... Or play on the shore to watch the tsunami danger period can continue for many after! Get there is for you, “ are you prepared for the worst, but the tsunami or! Not the tide has receded, think again these waves ' destructive.. Then first protect yourself from the coast is not much time to get a message this! Escaping a tsunami first, find out what you can about the tsunami search right for! Continue for hours based on a few different factors and could be fatal for them and for... Receive emails according to our privacy policy should be able to follow your escape route at night and during Weather. Could stash your emergency kits long before there might be a behemoth of a reaction, requiring thinking! Then, prepare emergency kits in it as well is prone to tsunamis and to prepare for the way. Make its fateful appearance and it 'll be the only advance warning before a tsunami watch means a dangerous may! Someone asked you, “ Yes, I am prepared ”, disseminating information about, and could. Are announcements, sirens, or play in a tsunami could arrive within minutes warning Center for Hawaii as... Move inland time permits, secure unanchored objects around your home, school, workplace, or play a! Local emergency management office or online zone then you ’ re what allow to. Route in the disaster preparedness Info section as many people as you can about the tsunami, reading... Kit if need be may continue for many hours after the Japan quake ) is where research... May also be bigger moist towelettes, garbage bags, zip ties hand... A behemoth of a high-rise that gets swept away and turned to rubble by the earth shakes for 20.!

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